In-vitro fertilisation (IVF)
IVF, or in-vitro fertilisation, literally means 'fertilisation in glass' and is a procedure where fertilisation of a woman's eggs (called oocytes) occurs outside the body, in a glass test tube. This means that the woman's eggs are collected from her ovary and fertilised in the laboratory instead of fertilisation occurring inside the fallopian tubes.
Reasons for doing IVF
IVF is undertaken when a woman's fallopian tubes have been damaged (often as a result of pelvic infection) or if she has previously had pregnancies outside the womb (ectopic pregnancies) and has subsequently been unable to become pregnant. We also perform IVF treatment in women who have not become pregnant after 3-6 prior insemination (IUI) treatments.
For women approaching the age of 40 it may be best to start IVF treatment immediately to increase the chance of a pregnancy.
Collection of eggs
The eggs (oocytes) are aspirated from the ovaries with ultrasound guidance. A thin needle is inserted into the follicles, where after the follicle fluid is aspirated. The embryologist examines the fluid for presence of eggs in the laboratory. You can follow her on a screen during aspiration.
Two to three days after fertilisation 1 or 2 embryos are transferred back into the uterus. In case there are more good quality embryos we can freeze those for later use.
Treatment using frozen embryos
Frozen embryos may be used if you have not become pregnant with the fresh embryos, and they thus increase the overall pregnancy rate. They also mean that we can reduce the number of hormone stimulations and egg retrievals. Only embryos of good quality can be frozen and thawed.
As of 1 October 2012 you may choose to use sperm from a known/open donor rather than from an anonymous one. The donor sperm can be purchased at our clinic. We only use donor sperm from a certified sperm bank.
You can also buy your own donorsperm directly from the spermbank. In that case, you will have to pay for transportation, receipt and storage of your donorsperm at the clinic. In case the donor is quarantined, we are not allowed to use the sperm, even if the sperm is already at the clinic. Please, have a look at our FAQ section regarding donor sperm.